Obesity and Health Risks, causes, and prevention.
Obesity and Health Risks, causes, and prevention.
The saying ‘health is wealth’ holds no more when it becomes the issue of thought. Obesity is the unhealthy distribution of harmful fat in a person’s body. It increases health risk and causes severe health complications and or diseases. Having this risk factor (Obesity) doesn’t mean you have various diseases. But it raises health problems and raises chances of affecting various diseases like diabetics, blood pressure (Short time or long time blood pressure).
This article will discuss the definition of obesity, its causes, demerits, and treatment, etc. to improve your health before it’s too late.
Here in this article, we are going to discuss Obesity and Health Risks along with their causes, determination, and prevention.
- Adults, having a BMI greater than 30, and a BMI above 95th percentile of age and gender is in the range of childhood obesity. It is a complex disease including an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that might affect health. The rate of obesity is more common in women than in men.
- Obesity isn’t merely a cosmetic concern. It is a chronic medical problem that increases your risk of other diseases and health disorders, such as heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and stroke, high blood pressure, and certain cancers though it is treatable.
- The treatment of obesity cannot come round overnight but has to be a lifelong commitment to proper diet habits, physical activities, and apt medication. The good news is, achieving and maintaining a healthier weight can improve or prevent health problems associated with obesity.
- Once considered this problem only in affluent countries, it is now dramatically on the rise in low- and middle-income countries as well. Therefore it has become one of today’s most blatantly visible public health problems.
Body mass index (BMI)
BMI is a calculation that measures the ratio of height to weight. To determine whether you are obese or not, divide your weight (kg) by the square of height (m). Though this tool is a good source of estimation, it’s not everything.
For instance, muscular or athlete people likely to get a BMI of more than 30 when they are healthy and fit. Similarly, children and adolescents with large body frames or pregnant women might fall also into the obese category. BMI also cannot distinguish between excess fat, muscle, bone mass, and other tissues. Despite these limitations, it is a common tool as a way to measure body size.
Causes of Obesity
Obesity happens for various factors: eating more calories, physical inactivity, sitting down at a desk for a long time, the result of genetics and environment, and so on. Now, read on to find out why it occurs.
Consuming too many calories
A diet that’s high in calories (for example, fast food, fried food, french fries, and sweets), lacking in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can lead to excess weight and obesity.
Giving up smoking is a positive thing to get sound health, but it may lead to weight gain too. Consequently, it is important to focus on diet and exercise, see your doctor while you’re quitting.
Long daily commutes and desk jobs, looking at a computer; table; and phone screens called sedentary lifestyles that often make it harder to get physical activity is highly relating to weight gain.
Lack of sleep
Sleep deprivation produces ghrelin- a hormone that stimulates hunger or at the same time getting too much sleep can cause hormonal changes that make you feel appetite and crave foods high in calories and carbohydrates.
A faulty gene called the fat-mass is likely to develop obesity if one or both parents are obese. Genetics has a bad impact on hormones, for example, leptin- a hormone that controls weight by signaling the brain to eat less when body fat stores are too high. But the body cannot produce enough leptin for some reason, and this is why it becomes often difficult for them to lose weight.
It is common to gain weight during pregnancy. Some find it difficult to scale down after the baby is born, but breastfeeding may be the best option to lose gained weight.
Complications of obesity
Obesity bears a bunch of health diseases, some of which can be life-threatening if not treated, including:
Type 2 diabetes
People affected by obesity are more likely to have type 2 diabetes- a disease in which blood sugar levels are high, and perhaps it is due to the resistance of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that plays a key role in controlling the amount of glucose in your bloodstream.
Heart disease and stroke
High blood pressure (hypertension) and abnormal cholesterol levels usually have no symptoms, but they are risk factors for heart disease and strokes. Having a large body size may increase blood pressure because your heart needs to pump harder to circulate blood through your arteries to the rest of your body.
Hypertension is also the biggest culprit behind stroke as it puts your arteries under constant stress, causing blood vessels to damage the artery walls and make them weaker.
Several studies show the link between obesity and cancer that may generate various cancers, including uterus, cervix, endometrium, ovary, breast, colon, rectum, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidney, and prostate.
Increased levels of insulin, chronic low-level inflammation, higher amounts of estrogen produced by fat tissue, fat cells are the possible reasons linked with cancer.
Sleep apnea is a condition that obstructs breathing fitfully during sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs when an obese person may have more fat stored around his or her neck, throat, and tongue, which block air passageways during sleep. Hence, OSA can be the reason for cardiac death.
Gout is a disease that can cause severe pain in your joints due to the chronic elevation of serum uric acid (SUA). This acid levels up if a diet taken with too much meat and sweets, and alcohol consumption. Experts believe that serum uric acid had interrelation with obesity.
However, weight loss can aid us to avoid or cure many of these complications.
To reverse the obesity epidemic requires regular physical activity (walking, jogging on a treadmill, swimming, or cycling), a decrease in saturated fat intake, a decrease in sugar consumption, and an increase in healthy eating consumption (fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein).
If lifestyle changes alone do not help you to lose weight, you must consult with a physician who specializes in obesity medicine because medicine or surgery is necessary in some cases.
To sum up, without being panicked, take care of your health because the first wealth is health. Be careful about your health.
Writer: Md Saifullah